What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. –International Dyslexia Association
Dyslexia means a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity.
How does Clyde CISD diagnose dyslexia?
Dyslexia identification involves a lengthy process. There is no specific time set aside to test for dyslexia. CCISD is constantly monitoring students for reading difficulties. If despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity, a student still struggles to read, the RTI committee will review interventions which have been tried. If testing seems appropriate, the RTI committee or the parent may request a dyslexia evaluation. The parent must make a formal request in writing at the campus for dyslexia evaluation. The dyslexia coordinator or counselor obtains permission to test in writing, and the parents are advised of their 504 rights. Then, background data is gathered including vision and hearing screenings, teacher reports or classroom concerns and interventions attempted, academic progress reports, samples of school work, progress monitoring results, previous testing completed including state and standardized testing, and attendance records. Parents are asked to provide information about their child and their concerns. Once a history of reading problems is established, a formal assessment is conducted by trained personnel follows. No one test for dyslexia exists, so a battery of tests are given following TEA guidelines for specific domains to be tested. Once the dyslexia evaluation is completed, the Dyslexia Committee (which also is the 504 committee) meets to determine if the student should be identified as dyslexia and if interventions and accommodations are needed. CCISD strongly encourages and requests that parents be a part of this committee.
What does Clyde CISD do to help the dyslexic student?
The earlier a child is identified, the better; however, students can be assessed for reading difficulties at any point in their school career. Clyde CISD Provides:
- Intervention Pull-out Classes-Early Intervention Class based on the Neuhaus Basic Language Curriculum and Dyslexia Class based on the Neuhaus Basic Language Curriculum.
- Classroom accommodation through 504.
- Allowable STAAR accommodations
- Yearly Dyslexia/504 meetings with parents, administrators, and teachers.
- Easy monitoring of student grades through computerized Parent Connection as well as direct access to all teachers through email.
What can parents do to help their dyslexic child?
- Parental support greatly affects the achievement of the student.
- Explain your child’s learning differences to him and answer his questions.
- Set high standards and attainable goals.
- TALK to your child. These children often learn the best orally, so introduce all the vocabulary and learning situations you can.
- READ to your child and with your child.
- Focus on your child’s strengths and abilities. Encourage hobbies, interest, and talents.
- Set a study schedule at home. Your child may need homework support from YOU. Plus, they may need extra time each evening to complete assignments.
- Keep in close contact with your student’s teachers (Email works great!) AND monitor their grades daily on txConnect Student Grades. Encourage your child to take advantage of tutoring opportunities.
- Incorporate technology whenever possible. Computers with spelling software can be a dyslexic student’s best friend. Encourage your child to learn to keyboard.
- Read about dyslexia or visit informative websites and see what you can learn.